It's easy to add clean, stylish, and flexible dropdowns, buttons, and sliders to Plotly charts. View How to choose ordination method, such as PCA, CA, PCoA, and NMDS?. The includeZero option ensures that the y axis is scaled from zero rather than the low-end of it’s range of values. The user coordinate system in the plot region: R code: Figure 3. I have two functions that produce essentially the same plot, but with different data. surf Set the r-axis limits to range from rmin to rmax. Create a line plot. Have Fun!. I was wondering how one can find the exact values of the range of an axis within a plot. BASIC GRAPHS. You cannot have a fractional part of a bacteria. new) should not clean the frame before drawing ìas if it was on a new deviceî. The following is an introduction for producing simple graphs with the R Programming Language. Among the different functions available in ggplot2 for setting the axis range, the coord_cartesian() function is the most preferred, because it zoom the plot without clipping the data. If 3 and/or -3 are in the range covered by the y-axis, repeat the last steps to add a reference. Each individual in the data appears as a point on the graph. I would like to plot value of negative subset of Y ranging from (< 0 to -4) in one color (say red) and the subset positive values of Y ranging between (>0 to 4) in green. Maybe you shall consult axis help page, which clearly says: at - the points at which tick-marks are to be drawn. I was wondering how one can find the exact values of the range of an axis within a plot. Solution We apply the lm function to a formula that describes the variable eruptions by the variable waiting , and save the linear regression model in a new variable eruption. The “inspection” method of determining axis requires that you check QRS orientation in specific leads. ; What you need. Bars indicate the frequency each value is tied + 1. For more details of a specific plot, you can download the free trial of NCSS 2019 by clicking here. In a previous blog post , you learned how to make histograms with the hist() function. infinitely). I have tried implementing the modules shown in 1 Plot, 2 Scale/Axis however I do not see the full range of data in the plot, the y-axis for the second plot is truncated (at y = 400 with a few different sample data sets). 3D plots (wireframe, level , contour) in Excel Edit the axis so that plot starts at 90 at Z axis. Create a bar chart on the data in the range A1:B11 As you can see the category labels on the negative side of the axis are obscured by the bars. Bar plots can be created in R using the barplot() function. R has powerful graphical capabilities and I use it in all my papers to plot data and illustrate theoretical ideas. Collecting the data was fairly straightforward, finding. I couldn’t stop thinking about the power these two libraries provide to data scientists using Python across the globe. Details This is a generic function, it currently only has a default method. Figure 1 below is a frequency bar chart which corresponds to the tabular presentation in Table 1 above. The default is range(m M), where m and M are the minimum and maximum of the varname specified on the graph twoway kdensity command. The format is boxplot(x, data=), where x is a formula and data= denotes the data frame providing the data. In the simplest case, we can pass in a vector and we will get a scatter plot of magnitude vs index. in the plot below the range of y would go to ~ 2. sin ( x ) plt. A range for the vertical axis is an optional argument with the form: [y, min, max ] (the keyword y is always used for the vertical axis). Tap into the extensive visualization functionality enabled by the Plots ecosystem, and easily build your own complex graphics components with recipes. A Line chart may plot gaps in lines when the data range contains blank cells in Excel. Recently, I was going through a video from SciPy 2015 conference, “Building Python Data Apps with Blaze and Bokeh“, recently held at Austin, Texas, USA. Thus, here is my problem: I would like to adjust the y-axis range in a barplot, since all my values are >70. If this option is set, the y-axis will always include zero, typically as the lowest value. 002) and no significant correlation (r=0. Plot Multiple Data Series the Matlab way. Plotting multiple sets of data on the same axes is a useful feature of Matlab. Change range of y axis in. The latest version will work on 32-bit or 64-bit Excel. Note: This is an intentional break with the original forestplot function as I've found that exponentiated ticks/clips/zero effect are more difficult to for non-statisticians and there are sometimes. 13; Graphics state. It seems odd to use a plot function and then tell R not to plot it. This is the range visible in the plot area of the control. These images were taken on December 17, 1996, at a range of 1. cex Boxplot label size where 1. 0 is normal size characters. Gridline and tickmark options are described in the plot/tickmarks help page. The hexagonal bin plot looks just like a honey comb with different shading. This plotting library focuses on making good looking, publication quality 2D plots, graphs and charts, as well as offering high performance for realtime visualization. the labels are placed at integer positions). You can always use insert chart from the insert menu in ribbon. To estimate the range, your trajectory. Often we think of customized axes and labels in R plot, may be even inserting text. I’m creating a horizontal plot and am having trouble adding the mean…I have eight categories (months) on my y axis and the range of my data on the x axis, and each time I try to add my mean series by selecting my months and then my offset data points (0. This function allows you to set (or query) the. pyplot as plt x = np. It is seen that the contact rate is oscillating between 1. Just like for any other plot in R, we can specify the range of what we want to see, where the extent of our map is in terms of latitude and longitude. I simply want a plot of these values on the y axis vs. By default, the "pre" points were plotted right on the y axis and the post points were all the way at the right end of the plot area. The first is where the Nyquist plot crosses the real axis in the left half plane. 3D figures have an attribute in layout called scene, which contains attributes such as xaxis, yaxis and zaxis parameters, in order to set the range, title, ticks, color etc. The name of the scale. x - sample(10:200,40). Fifty random values between 4. An example of a formula is y~group where a separate boxplot for numeric variable y is generated for each value of group. The set xrange command sets the horizontal range that will be displayed. Here's an example of manually specifying the x and y axis range for a faceted scatter plot created with Plotly Express. There are two new parameters in this example. feature 5 (0. In this notebook, we will explore the basic plot interface using pylab. Bar plots can be created in R using the barplot() function. y = 1(1 + 1. feature 4 (0. For the latter type of plot, the lower x-axis scale corresponds to group estimates and the upper scale corresponds to differences. 1×10=1) without violating any rules of probability. > Dear R users, > > I would like to reverse the axes on some xy plots (for example to set the > origin at the top left rather than the bottom left). for logistic regressoin (OR), survival estimates (HR), poisson regression etc. Use the axis() function with the side parameter specified to add a y-axis label to the left of the box plot showing the range of sugars values. This is the first post of a series that will look at how to create graphics in R using the plot function from the base package. 155 corresponding to [6. Along this axis, we can plot the communities in which this species appears, based on its abundance within each. NCSS Plots and Graphs. It is possible to change this behavior as well. The ratio represents the number of units on the y-axis equivalent to one unit on the x-axis. In order that the axis at least shows a range of the given value, also with enabled autorange (axis is shifting foreward, if new datapointa are inserted, but has a fixed range in the beginning). ggarrange ggplot2 R • 3. Creating Exponential Notation Axis Labels. js Axis Component, why it is important and how we use it within our D3. Matlab plot. The alluvial diagram shows whether state economic outlook affects the feeling of respondent on his/her financial status. (To practice creating line charts with this lines( ) function, try this. A generalized scatter plot matrix offers a range. The graphics library of R has both high level as well as low level graphics facilities. This example shows the relationship between time and two temperature values. Hence the peak of each p-value plot (the median is where p=0. It is rather twisted idea to expect that you say to R: Please, put 10 labels to x axis at 4 positions. Split plot window with layout() Layout() divides the device up into as many rows and columns as need, with custom proportions. In general, plot functions are nicely pre-cooked, so hardly one needs to change anything. 5 and an arrow with a value would indicate the presence of an outlier in a. default will be used. bigax is a hidden axis object that surrounds the other axes, such that the commands xlabel , title , etc. That is, each axis cuts the other into two equal parts, and each axis crosses the other at right. Hos to put hh:mm:ss in the X axis by programming? I using a numericUpDown as range for my Timer or my X axis. If that option is used, the plot will show that exact vertical range, independently of the values reached by the plot. In Excel 2013 the chart tools contextual menu removed the Layout tab. Here we examine a few strategies to plotting this kind of data. The range are those values of y that correspond to the values in the domain. The optional return value h provides handles to the individual graphics objects in the scatter plots, whereas ax returns the handles to the scatter plot axis objects. Below is an example plot, with two sets of numbers, a legend, and dates on the axis. Matlab plot. We can add a Divide by Factor in Axis dialog to show as 1000/T. I want to set the range for the y axis of a plot, but > leave the x axis in "auto" mode. Here's an example of manually specifying the x and y axis range for a faceted scatter plot created with Plotly Express. It is a generic function, meaning, it has many methods which are called according to the type of object passed to plot(). The third and fourth specify the limits for the y-axis, the fifth and sixth specify the limits for the z-axis, and the seventh and eighth specify the limits for the color axis. The hexagonal bin plot looks just like a honey comb with different shading. Under the hood of ggplot2 graphics in R Mapping in R using the ggplot2 package A new data processing workflow for R: dplyr, magrittr, tidyr and ggplot2 We start with the the quick setup and a default plot followed by a range of adjustments below. This is the range visible in the plot area of the control. The basic command for sketching the graph of a real-valued function of one variable in MATHEMATICA is Plot[ f, {x,xmin,xmax} ]. We have developed a new eddy current probe composed of a dual half-cylindrical (2HC) coil as an exciting coil and a sensing coil that is placed in the small gap of the 2HC coil. The argument horizontal=TRUE creates horizontal bars. 788726 iteration 100: loss 0. To plot the graph of a function, you need to take the following steps − Define x, by specifying the range of values for the variable x, for which the function is to be plotted. Scatter plot with axes drawn on the same scale I'd like to produce some scatter plots where N units on the X axis are > equal to N units on the Y axis (as measured with a ruler, on screen or paper). If you are trying to visualize numerical data that range over several magnitudes, conventional wisdom says that a log transformation of the data can often result in a better visualization. The R code below set the position of tick marks on the y axis of the box plot. Below are 15 charts created by Plotly users in R and Python - each incorporate buttons, dropdowns, and sliders to facilitate data exploration or convey a data narrative. The function warns the user if any values may have been omitted by being in the "gap". Double click the x axis to display the Format dialog. In general, plot functions are nicely pre-cooked, so hardly one needs to change anything. The latest version will work on 32-bit or 64-bit Excel. Computers generally fill the space, but allow the user to adjust ranges if. For more details about the graphical parameter arguments, see par. 5) is a more reliable measure of location than a histogram's mode. 1 (2014-07-10) Platform: i386-w64-mingw32/i386 (32-bit) I am working on a histogram with ggplot2. This section of the manual is available on the Programming in R site. Use the convenience function expand_scale() to generate the values for the expand argument. The problem is the interval level in between. You can stretch the plot window wider to make more space, and then re-create the plot. It's easy to add clean, stylish, and flexible dropdowns, buttons, and sliders to Plotly charts. Value = 120) 00:00 00:10 00:20 00:30 00:40 00:50 01:00 01:10 01:20 01:30 01:40 01:50 02:00. Thus, here is my problem: I would like to adjust the y-axis range in a barplot, since all my values are >70. 00) x = 2 x. I'll send a pull request in attempt to fix both. (The data is plotted on the graph as "Cartesian (x,y) Coordinates") The local ice cream shop keeps track of how much ice cream they sell versus the noon temperature on that day. It is usually much faster than the vector method, and provides the same clinical information. range(datelist) expand range of t axis (tscale() only) off and on suppress/force display of axis fill allocate space for axis even if off alt move axis from left to right or from top to bottom fextend extend axis line through plot region and plot region's margin extend extend axis line through plot region noextend do not extend axis line at all. what is the command for that. so, Relabel the X-axis. That wasn’t so hard! In Part 14 we will look at further plotting techniques in R. R Plot PCH Symbols Chart Following is a chart of PCH symbols used in R plot. How to Change X Axis Values in Excel If the issue is with your Computer or a Laptop you should try using Reimage Plus which can scan the repositories and replace corrupt and missing files. If true plot the boxplot data set names are sorted in alphabetic order by their labels. By default, the categorical axis line is suppressed. In other words, the above plot was generated/looped 100 times through the curve function, and in every iteration we increased the limits of the x axis; hence rolling all the generated plots. This results in different appearances, as shown below. The name of the scale. The problem is, the range of the y-axis is adjusted, but the barsize stays the same and vanishes from the plot area. This section will explain how to customize the background color, the type and color of the data plots and the axis tick labels of the scatter matrix. Let's walk through the typical process of creating good labels for our YHOO stock price close plot (see part 4). What if the List is a List of Pairs of Coordinates?. grid adds an nx by ny rectangular grid to an existing plot, using lines of type lty and color col. The set xrange command sets the horizontal range that will be displayed. Plotting with Microsoft Excel 1 Plotting Data with Microsoft Excel Here is an example of an attempt to plot parametric data in a scientifically meaningful way, using Microsoft Excel. Pass the functions a two-element vector of the form [min max]. It supports line plots, bar plots, range-fill plots, and pie charts. I would like to plot value of negative subset of Y ranging from (< 0 to -4) in one color (say red) and the subset positive values of Y ranging between (>0 to 4) in green. The whole list of colors are displayed at your R console in the color() function. By using the straight black line to coordinate age values on the X axis and price values on the Y axis, what was. This is only non-trivial when log coordinates are active. The dygraphs package is an R interface to the dygraphs JavaScript charting library. Setting an axis range By default, matplotlib will find the minimum and maximum of your data on both axes and use this as the range to plot your data. rlim(limits) specifies the r-axis limits for the current polar axes. The Y-axis (vertical axis) plots the transmission of light through the lens. In this plot we have a number of data points with are graphed in two dimensions (Dimension 1, x-axis and Dimension 2, y-axis). The function scale_y_continuous() and the argument breaks are used to choose where the tick marks appear :. (a) Draw the real-axis segments of the corresponding root locus. R FAQ; R By Graph Type. The optional return value h provides handles to the individual graphics objects in the scatter plots, whereas ax returns the handles to the scatter plot axis objects. The hexagonal bin plot looks just like a honey comb with different shading. add add additional space between tick mark labels and axis label of the y axis grid a logical value indicating whether a grid should be drawn on the plot. For single panel plots, wireframe can also plot parametrized 3-D surfaces (i. 35a or later, hold down the alt key (or press. a character string which contains "x" if the x axis is to be logarithmic, "y" if the y axis is to be logarithmic and "xy" or "yx" if both axes are to be logarithmic. For this end, we'll use the R axis() function. 6 4 Example 4: In the above plots of sin(x), it would make more sense to label the axis in units of ˇ. 5) is a more reliable measure of location than a histogram's mode. Use the type="n" option in the plot( ) command, to create the graph with axes, titles, etc. The current release, Microsoft R Open 3. The base R function to calculate the box plot limits is boxplot. The examples here are on the x-axis. The following code instructs R to plot the relative frequency of each value of y1, calculated from its rank. The method takes a number of arguments for controlling the look of the plot:. This will not alter the actual data. This type of graph denotes two aspects in the y-axis. 5 and an arrow with a value would indicate the presence of an outlier in a. x_var (optional) : symbol to plot on x-axis or tuple giving symbol and range as (symbol, xmin, xmax) y_var (optional) : symbol to plot on y-axis or tuple giving symbol and range as (symbol, ymin, ymax) If neither x_var nor y_var are given then the free symbols in the expression will be assigned in the order they are sorted. Plotting multiple sets of data on the same axes is a useful feature of Matlab. Select the Data and press ALT+F1 that will make the chart for you. 5 – 4), Excel plots all of my mean values for the month of May only (my first month). Style "r" (regular) first extends the data range by 4 percent and then finds an axis with pretty labels that fits within the range. I am trying to figure out if I can plot multiple plots with matplotlib in python. 1, 10, 100, 1000 isntead of 1,2,3,4, 5 Plug in the numbers given, and calculate the impedance for 20 Hz, 60 Hz, 400Hz, 1khz, 2kHz, 4kHz, 8kHz, etc. I'm having trouble setting my axis range in r. X-Axis Labels on a 45-Degree Angle using R Posted on 20 May 2009 | 18 Comments I've been trying to find a simpler bit of R code that will allow axis labels to be written in at an angle, and thanks to my obsessive scanning of the R-help mailing list I found a nice example (all credit to Uwe Ligges and Marc Schwartz for their approach). Kickstarting R - Plotting more than one data series. Try out our rich gallery of interactive charts and data tools. window(), title() and axis. 37 Plotting Data and ggplot2. This causes PROC UNIVARIATE to create a stem-and-leaf plot, a box plot, and a normal probability plot, shown in Figure 2, following the default statistics. To plot the graph of a function, you need to take the following steps − Define x, by specifying the range of values for the variable x, for which the function is to be plotted. In this article we will see how to control every. Of course, you could use a graphing utility to draw these graphs; but, that would be like getting out your calculator to multiply 3*4. New to Plotly? Plotly's R library is free and open source! Get started by downloading the client and reading the primer. title(’Example plots’). [email protected]} The slope graph, made popular by Tufte (2001 b), is a great way to compare the change in a measurement across numerous groups. the labels are placed at integer positions). This chart is truly misleading: it is easy to conclude that both variables follow the same pattern what is totally wrong. It's easy to add clean, stylish, and flexible dropdowns, buttons, and sliders to Plotly charts. To plot a single point on the axis, we start with a coordinate, which is a pair of points each representing a distance travelled on an axis. Include the option axis. Consider a single axis representing the abundance of a single species. Make histograms in R based on the grammar of graphics. Specify limits as a two-element vector of the form [rmin rmax], where rmax is a numeric value greater than rmin. The help file for this function is very informative, but it's often non-R users asking what exactly the plot means. A scatterplot displays the strength, direction, and form of the relationship between two quantitative variables. The "add = TRUE" in plot operations suggestion sounds interesting. In the second example we set many different parameters in the plot function, including labeling the axes, setting the range of each axis, setting the plot symbol, and the color to be used, and giving the plot a title. Let's look at another example which has full date and time values on the X axis, instead of just dates. If the arguments to plot are not of some special class, then the default method for plot is called; this function has many arguments, letting you set the title, x axis label, y axis label, etc. If you are asking about R commands then this question is off-topic here. grid adds an nx by ny rectangular grid to an existing plot, using lines of type lty and color col. The areas in bold indicate new text that was added to the previous example. Octave Plot question: How to control interval between tick marks on plot axis? I am trying to put tick marks after interval of 2 as shown in exercise pdf but my machine seems to choose 5 as the default interval. They have been extracted from the reference manuals. There are many more options available that affect axis display. It takes only set of numeric values as input. The line and marker styles are defined by ':rs' , meaning dotted line, red square. pdf application/pdf Isaías Hazarmabeth Salgado-Ugarte José Luis Gómez-Márquez. In this tutorial, we learn to modify the graphical parameters like title, axis labels and range using the title() function. https://plot. This establishes the range of values of. The third argument of the plot command is a one, two or three character string of the form 'cs', where 'c' is a single character indicating the color and 's' is a one or two character string indicating the type of symbol or line. The idea is that for plots for which either or both of the axes are numerical but with a special interpretation, the standard plotting functions (including boxplot, contour, coplot, filled. In the example below, data from the sample "chickwts" dataset is used to plot the the weight of chickens as a function of feed type. Always double check what axis trully are on dual axis chart. It is usually much faster than the vector method, and provides the same clinical information. 00) x = 2 x. If zero labels will not be added. Q1 is the height for which the cumulative percentage is 25%. Here's an example of manually specifying the x and y axis range for a faceted scatter plot created with Plotly Express. The problem is, the range of the y-axis is adjusted, but the barsize stays the same and vanishes from the plot area. add add additional space between tick mark labels and axis label of the y axis grid a logical value indicating whether a grid should be drawn on the plot. The function scale_y_continuous() and the argument breaks are used to choose where the tick marks appear :. My data only has values from 2 to 9 on the x axis but I want it to go from 1 to 10. I've looked around but nothing I've found has solved my problem yet. Plotting a simple function directly. Setting an axis range By default, matplotlib will find the minimum and maximum of your data on both axes and use this as the range to plot your data. Therefore I would like to only visualize the y-axis from 60-100 (example 1). I would like to set a min range for axis. Though when I am running these, particularly on datasets with different scales, the axis are not as clean as I like. plot ( x , y ). This means that each row and column is one dimension, and each cell plots a scatter plot of two dimensions. Here is a (somewhat overblown) example. We also define the range of values for the X-axis and the range of values for the Y-axis, and provide labels for each one. , will be associated with this hidden axis. But this can be very useful when you need to create just the titles and axes, and plot the data later using points(), lines(), or any of the other graphical functions. a character string which contains "x" if the x axis is to be logarithmic, "y" if the y axis is to be logarithmic and "xy" or "yx" if both axes are to be logarithmic. By default, plot( ) plots the (x,y) points. This is a basic introduction to some of the basic plotting commands. Example2-Cardioids-Symmetrical around x-axis: When the radii of two circles are equal, and when one circle is fixed and the other circle is rolling on the first one - a point on the rolling circle traced will plot a cardioid. By default, the categorical axis line is suppressed. Plot [ f , { x , x min , x max } , PlotRange-> Full ] specifies that the full range { x min , x max } should be used, even if no actual values of f are plotted in part of that range. Polar plots are produced using the standard axis and label styles, with box axes enclosing the plot area. I want to make a 2D plot where the x-axis is flipped so the higher numbers are on the right and lower numbers are on the left. sin ( x ) plt. This means that each row and column is one dimension, and each cell plots a scatter plot of two dimensions. The histogram's y-axis shows the number of elements that fall within the groups; therefore, the y-axis ranges from 0 to the greatest number of elements deposited in any bin. And rest of the values in Grey. Select “Next” and give the data range a name like “Frequency” 15. Following shows a linear plot converted to a semi-log plot by changing the y-axis LogBase. To plot a histogram, we use one of the axis as the count or frequency of values and another axis as the range of values divided into buckets. A Date/POSIXct vector giving positions of breaks. A bar chart is a great way to display categorical variables in the x-axis. In this article, you will learn to create whisker and box plot in R programming. Thanks much, Jason. The plot for these data is created in a single panel, but the data occupy only a small fraction of the plot since the scale of the data (hours) does not match that of the horizontal axis (days). We can supply a vector or matrix to this function. The problem is the interval level in between. Try out our rich gallery of interactive charts and data tools. A constant function. The most used plotting function in R programming is the plot() function. Also note that we moved the plt. lty=1 to draw it. I would really appreciate help in defining conditional subset in R and plotting them in different colors. Common Graphs. The range for the y-axis and for the r-axis is determined by the number of bars. 1, 10, 100, 1000 isntead of 1,2,3,4, 5 Plug in the numbers given, and calculate the impedance for 20 Hz, 60 Hz, 400Hz, 1khz, 2kHz, 4kHz, 8kHz, etc. Using a fixed palette range to plot an NDVI raster in R. The idea is that for plots for which either or both of the axes are numerical but with a special interpretation, the standard plotting functions (including boxplot, contour, coplot, filled. The problem is, the range of the y-axis is adjusted, but the barsize stays the same and vanishes from the plot area. Dear R-users, I'm a bit of a rooky in R and do not know how to change the y-axis intervals of a boxplot. Example of an XY Scatter Plot The data and plot below are an example of an using an XY or scatter plot to show relationships among several data series. Notice that the range of the plot does not expand to include all of the line plotted by the lines command. The following figure illustrates using AXIS to draw centered axes, dividing the plot window into the four quadrants centered about the origin. 26 Credit Scores Your Fair Isaacs Corporation (FICO) credit score is used to determine your creditworthiness. Learn more about axes. Let us use Pandas’ hist function to make a histogram showing the distribution of life expectancy in years in our data. I discovered a function in the package "plotrix" which makes breaks in axis, but it is not what I was actually looking for, because it doesn't really introduce the a range gap or rescale. This appearance of > the y-axis is a bit unexpected for me. How to plot dates/time labels on an axis in scatterplot3d in R ? is there a 3d plotting function in R that would make this sort of task easier? to have a colour key to indicate that red is. (To practice creating line charts with this lines( ) function, try this. contour, pairs, plot. For the point (1,2), the x- coordinate is 1 and the y- coordinate is 2. Essential Question: How can you graph and locate points that contain negative numbers in a coordinate plane?. It is enough typing plot(x, y). Because the scale of the line chart's horizontal (category) axis cannot be changed as much as the scale of the vertical (value) axis that is used in the xy (scatter) chart, consider using an xy (scatter) chart instead of a line chart if you have to change the scaling of that axis, or display it as a logarithmic scale. From simple scatter plots to hierarchical. New to Plotly? Plotly's R library is free and open source! Get started by downloading the client and reading the primer. A scatter plot displays the values of two variables at a time using symbols, where the value of one variable determines the relative position of the symbol along the X-axis and the value of a second variable determines the relative position of the symbol along the Y-axis. The R code below set the position of tick marks on the y axis of the box plot. For the normal plot:. 096956 iteration 10: loss 0. for logistic regressoin (OR), survival estimates (HR), poisson regression etc. Here we will talk about the base graphics and the ggplot2 package. In this article, you will learn to create whisker and box plot in R programming. Unfortunately, they’re only per-repository and I was interested in per-user Github punchcards. lty=1, as below. Reviewing our plot from last time, we left off with code that plots two line series in different colors and different line widths.